US Gold Coins

The United States have an interesting gold coin history spanning many decades. Each state comes with it's own identity and history, so the multitude of territorial gold produced is exceptional with many companies and mints producing similar but distinguishable gold coins. After the American War of Independence the US government (through the Coinage Act in 1792) established an independent monetary system using the dollar. It was commonplace in the states to come across or be paid in foreign gold coinage, but it wasn't until March 1849 that the US authorised the gold dollar coin to be minted.

Coin Pure Gold Weight (t/oz) Fineness Weight (g) Years Minted
US 2 1/2 Dollar 0.121 0.900 4.18g

Minted: 1840 - 1929*

*The earlier editions of the $2 1/2 varied in size and design

Liberty Cap (1796 - 1807) & Turban/Capped Head (1808 - 1834)

- 0.1289oz and weighed 4.37g.

Liberty Head (1834 - 1838) - 0.1209oz and weighed 4.18g.

US 5 Dollar

US 5 Dollar Gold Coin

0.242 0.900 8.359g

Minted: 1839 -1929*

*The earlier editions of the $5, varied in size and design

Liberty Cap (1795 - 1807) & Turban/Capped Head (1807 - 1834)

- 0.258oz and weighed 8.75g.

Liberty Head (1834 - 1838) - 0.2418oz and weighed 8.36g.

US 10 Dollar
(Eagle)

US 10 Dollar Gold Coin

0.4839 0.900 16.718g

Minted: 1838 - 1933*

*The earlier $10 minted was slightly larger - 0.5159oz and weighed 17.5g.

US 20 Dollar
(Double Eagle)

US 20 Dollar Gold Coin

0.9677 0.900 33.436g

Minted: 1849 - 1933

Coronet Head: 1849 - 1907

The motto "In God We Trust" was added to reverse above the eagle in 1866.

Saint-Gaudens: 1907 - 1933

The motto "In God We Trust" was added to the bottom of the reverse in 1908.